A few additions only in
this last integrated news section. Due to
the growth of the several sections, I
have decided to separate Wansdyke Project
21 and the Arthurian Collection from the
news section of Vortigern Studies. As
from next year, each will have their own
news section and sitemap.
Only one new item: Jonathan
Fryer has walked part of West
Wansdyke for me.
New additions to the Arthurian
Collection are a children's
novel, a calendar and 3 movies:
Crossley-Holland, Kevin (2001): De
2002 Calendar 'Camelot'.
(VHS) Sword of Lancelot, (Emblem
(VHS) Lancelot of the Lake, (French
with subtitles, Mara Films 1974)
(VHS) Perceval, (French with
subtitles, Les Films du Losange1978)
New in the Bibliography for December:
Neil (2000): The Decline
and Fall of Roman Britain, (Tempus).*
Edward (1925): The
Last Age of Roman Britain, (George
I.P. (1999): Roman
Infantry Equipment, the Later
Brian (2000): Why
did the Anglo-Saxons not become
more British?, in: English
History Review, June 2000, pp.
New additions to the Arthurian
Collection are a study, 8
novels, 4 comics and 2 Game Books:
Phyllis Ann: The
Arthurian Companion, 2nd edn.,
(Green Knight 2001).
Cherith: Exiled from
Camelot, (Green Knight 2001).
Edward: Arthur the
Bear of Britain, (Green
Clemence: The Life of
Sir Aglovale de Galis, (Green
Jim: Percival and
the Presence of God, (1978,
repr. Green Knight 1997).
James (ed.): The
Doom of Camelot, anthology,
(Green Knight 2000).
Edison: The Pagan King,
(1959, repr. Green Knight 2001).
Naomi: To the Chapel
Perilous, (1955, repr. Green
Dorothy James: Kinsmen
of the Grail, (1963, repr.
Green Knight 2000).
and Simon: Arthur 1 -
Myrddin de Gek, (Talent 1999).
and Simon: Arthur 2 -
Arthur, De Krijger, (Talent
and Simon: Arthur 3 -
Gwalchmei, De Held, (Talent
Istin, Lambert and
Stambeco: Merlin 1 - De
Woede van Ahes, (Talent 2001).
King Arthur Pendragon, Epic
Roleplaying in Legendary Britain
2716, (Green Knight 1999).
King Arthur Pendragon, Book of
Knights 2724, (Green Knight 2000).
New in the Bibliography for November:
H. et al (1991): Der Runde
Berg bei Urach, Theiss Verlag,
Richard, Andrew Breeze and David
Horovitz (2000): Celtic
Voices, English Places, Studies
of the Celtic Impact on Place-names
in England, Shaun Tyas, Stamford.*
Thomas (1999): Die Römer
in Deutschland, Theiss Verlag,
Karlheinz (ed.), et al (1997):
Die Alamannen, Theiss Verlag,
Wolfgang (1983): Die
Heuneburg an der oberen Donau,
Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart.*
Rüdiger (1992): Vom Ipf
bis Goldberg, Theiss Verlag,
Britta, Egon Schallmayer, Andreas
Thiel (2000): Der Limes,
die Deutsche Limes-Straße vom
Rhein bis zur Donau, Theiss
John (1995): The Dark
Age Saints of Somerset, Llanerch.*
Stefan (1999): Die
römische Gutsanlage von
Hechingen-Stein, Theiss Verlag,
Egon (1989): Aquae, das
Römische Baden-Baden, Theiss
september 20th, Vortigern Studies had its th unique
With only a short time since the last update,
still a good number of additions. First, a new
Yes, finally, it was meant to change sooner.Two new
about Vortigern; the 1661 play by Middleton, Hengist, King of Kent,
or The Mayor of Quinborough, and the 1796 'Shakspear'-forgery
by William Henry Ireland, Vortigern, an
Historical Play. Also a new, modern conflict between
Hengist and Vortigern on the
high seas, and a new guest-article from Jason
Godesky: Vortigern the Big
to the Arthurian
Collection are 4 novels, a study, a movie
and a music CD:
Barber, Chris, and David Pykitt: Journey to Avalon,
The Final Discovery of King Arthur, (Weiser,
Percival's Angel, (ROC, 1999).
Haws, Kate: The Lovers, The
Legend of Trystan and Iseulte, (Avon, 1999).
book 1, The Last Companion, (Robinson, 1997,
Pyle, Howard: The Story of King
Arthur and his Knights, (1903, repr. Dover
(VHS) Merlin and the Sword, (Paramount
(CD) Maddy Prior: Arthur the King, (Park Records
the Bibliography for October:
The Vale of Pewsey, Ex Libris Press.*
Roger (1998): Where Wiltshire
Meets Somerset, Ex Libris Press.*
Mariusz (1993): Cataphracti and
Clibanarii, Studies on the Heavy Armoured
Cavalry of the Ancient World, Oficyna
Keith (1990): Digging up Dark
Deeds, in: Country Life, August 30
1990, p. 133.*
- Watts, Ken (2001): Exploring
Historic Wiltshire, vol. 1: North, Ex
Margaret (1994): The Limpney Stoke
Valley, Ex Libris Press.*
Martin and Angus McBride (ill.) (1996): Imperial
Rome at War, Concord Publications.*
of the holidays, a delayed update of the site:
A new guest-article by August
Hunt, The Myth of the
British Vortigern, in which he digs deeper
into the resemblance between the British king and
the Irish Vortigerns. Also, a Foot & Mouth page for the benefit of
visitors of Wansdyke.
to the Arthurian
Collection are 4 novels, a comic, 3 movies
and a game:
King, J. Robert: Mad Merlin, (Tor, 2000).
book 3; The Child of the Holy Grail (Pocket
Descendants, book 1; Guardian of the Balance,
Whyte, Jack: Camulod Chronicles,
book 2; The Singing Sword, (Tor 1996)
Foster, H.R.: Prins Valiant 1 -
In de Dagen van Koning Arthur, (1937, repr.
Amsterdam Boek 1973)
(VHS) Bugs Bunny in King Arthur's Court
(Warner Bros 1977)
(VHS) A Young Connecticut Yankee In King
Arthur's Court (Hallmark 1995)
(VHS) Camelot (Anchor Bay 1998)
(Game) King Arthurs Knights
the Bibliography for September:
Tim and Annette Burkitt (1990): The
Frontier Zone and the Siege of Mount
Badon: A Review of the Evidence for their
Location, in: Somerset Archaeology
and Natural History 134, pp. 81-93.
Bruce (1994): The Archaeological
Evidence for Settlement in the Fith to
Seventh Centuries AD, in: Aston,
Michael and Carenza Lewis, eds: The
Medieval Landscape of Wessex, Oxbow
Monograph 46, pp.13-32.
- Grundy, G.B.
The Ancient Woodlands of Wiltshire -
Melksham Forest, in: Wiltshire
Archaeological and Natural History
Magazine 48, pp. 576-79.*
Keith (1992): Digging around in
Deal, in: Country Life, May 28 1992,
Geoffrey (2001): King Arthur lived
in Amesbury, in: Wiltshire Life march
2001, pp. 24-26.
A new full English translation
of Constantius of Lyon's 'Vita sancti Germani',
the 'Life of Germanus
of Auxerre'. Also new is the visit to Wansdyke by Keith
Nurse, who remembers his visit to Shepards' Shore
in 1994. New additions to the Arthurian
Collection are two Dutch comics:
Reculé, H.J., J.L. Sala: De Legende van Kynan, (Le
14 - Het Geheim van de Graal (Arboris 2000).
the Bibliography for August:
of Lyon: The Life of St. Germanus
of Auxerre, eds. Thomas Noble and Thomas
Head, translators, in: Soldiers of Christ:
Saints' Lives from Late Antiquity and the
Early Middle Ages, (Pennsylvania State
University Press, 1994), pp. 75-106.*
Kenneth R. (2000): Britain and the
End of the Roman Empire, (Tempus, Stroud).*
- Iles, Rob (1988): West
Wansdyke: Recent Archaeological research
and Future Prospects, in: Bristol
& Avon Archaeology 7, pp. 6-10.*
Keith S. (1998): The Wansdyke
Diktat: A Discussion paper, in: Bristol
and Avon Archaeology 15, pp. 57-65.*
(2000): De Randen van de Aarde, de
Romeinen tussen Schelde en Eems, (Ambo,
Ellen (2000): Regionality in
Dress Accessories in the Late Roman West,
Monographies Instrumentum 11, (Éditions
Monique Mergoil, Montagnac).*
- Whittock, M.
Reflections on the Cultural Context and
Function of the West Wansdyke, in: Bristol
& Avon Archaeology 7, pp. 2-5.*
Studies is now an established factor as it seems,
and reactions as well as contributions are now
coming in regularly. A result of this is the
updating of St Gurthiern and the 'Life of St Gurthiern', which now has three
editions of the text. The visits to Wansdyke are now
fully updated, and two new ones by Edwin Deady
and 'Mike' are added, th first of a series of
reports on the current state of Wansdyke.
Three (Dutch) additions to the Arthurian
Lancelot of de Ridder van de Kar, translated by
Sander Berg (Amsterdam, Athenaeum 2001).
de Voetsporen van Koning Arthur, (Bloemendaal,
Dominicus Thema Reeks 2001).
Agave: Lancelot, Ridder van de
Ronde Tafel, (Fontein, 2001).
the Bibliography for July:
Michael (1992): A Traveller's
Companion to the West Country, (Penguin,
Simon and Howard Gerrard (ill.) (2001):
Adrianople 378 AD, (Osprey, London).*
Keith (1990): History Unearthed,
in: Country Life, March 1 1990,
Keith (1991): Wiltshire: Rich
but Rough - England's Dark and Deadly
Past, in: Country Life, November 21
1991, p. 128.*
Keith (1993): New Light On The
Dark Ages - Recent excavations on the age
of King Arthur, in: Country Life,
February 4 1993, p. 73.*
Keith (1993): New Dating for Wat's
Dyke (Wales), in: History Today
August 1999, at: http://www.findarticles.com/m1373/8_49/55481493/p1/article.jhtml
Michael, and Jonathan Gaunt (1994):
Marlborough and the Kennet, a View of the
Downs and Villages, (White Horse Bookshop,
(2000): The End of the Western Roman
Empire, An Archaeological Investigation,
After the presentation of Wansdyke, this
month's update is somewhat less massive. I've
updated the Wansdyke visits section with new pictures and text. The
pictures have been re-scanned, and most of them
can now be viewed in screen-wide size.
articles by Frank D. Reno: Vitalinus/
Guithelinus and Vortimer: Welsh
Hero of the Arthurian Age. Both are very
interesting theories about these key-figures of
the Vortigern saga.
A few additions to the Arthurian
Arleston, Hubsch: Excalibur 2 - De
Sidhe van de Duizend Zaligheden, (Talent
Haar, J. ter: Koning Arthur,
(herschreven, Callenbach 2001)
Marie de France: The Lais of Marie de France,
(ca. 1160-80, trans. Glyn S. Burgess and Keith
Busby, Penguin Classics 1999).
the Bibliography for June:
Leslie (1966-7): Roman Britons
and Pagan Saxons: an Archaeological
Appraisal, in: The Welsh History
Review 3, pp. 229-249.*
- Casey, P.J. (1979a): Magus
Maximus in Britain, a reappraisal, in: Casey,
the End of Roman Britain, pp. 66-79.*
Cynthia Whiddon (1998): Saint Kentigern,
Apostle to Strathclyde: A critical
analysis of a northern saint, A Masters
Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the
Department of English University of
Houston, at: http://www.gypsyfire.com/Thesis.htm
Nicholas J. (1992-3): Medieval 'Overkingship'
in Wales: the Earliest Evidence, in: The
Welsh History Review 16, pp. 145-159.*
- Jocelyn: Life of St.
Kentigern, at: http://www.gypsyfire.com/Translation.htm
Michael E. and John Casey (1990): The Date
of the Letter of the Britons to Aetius,
in: The Bulletin of the Board of
Celtic Studies 37, pp. 281-290.*
(2000): Cartulary of Sainte-Croix de
Quimperlé, in: Literature and
Politics in the Celtic World, pp. 45-58.*
Keith (1989): Emerging from Post-Roman
Fog - the Roman Research Trust, in: Country
Life, August 17 1989, p. 73.*
Keith (2001): 'A famous thing
... that reacheth farre in lenght', in: New
Welsh Review 52, pp. 21-27.*
Edmund (1968-9): The Welsh
Versions of Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia,
in: The Welsh History Review 4, pp.
Patrick (1994-5): Historical Need
and Literary Narrative: a Caveat from
Ninth-Century Wales, in: The Welsh
History Review 17, pp. 97-127.*
- Wilson, P.A.
Romano-British and Welsh Christianity:
Continuity or Discontinuity? Part 1, in: The
Welsh History Review 3, pp. 5-21.*
- Wilson, P.A.
Romano-British and Welsh Christianity:
Continuity or Discontinuity? Part 2, in: The
Welsh History Review 3, pp. 103-120.*
last, a promise made good: after 2 years, I can
present to you the complete description of Wansdyke! Well, maybe I'm not
THAT ashamed, after all, my visits pages were the best on
Wansdyke you could get on the net. But now, to
all of you who kept pestering me (rightly) for
more, here it is. From West to East, the complete course, with dozens of images
and drawings, each section accompanied by a set
of directions to several points, from several
main starting points in the area. Satisfied?
There's more: the complete course of Wansdyke in
19th century Parish maps!
Oh yes, and more
of Vortigern as well: thanks to the kind offer of
mr. Paul E. Cullity of the Department of History
of Keene State College, I can present to you the new
in English of the Vita sancti Gurthierni (Life of St Gurthiern).
the Bibliography for May:
The Vale of Pewsey, West Country
- Crittal, E.
(1973): The End of the Roman Era (367-c.
500 A.D., in: The Victoria History of
the Counties of England, A History of
Wiltshire, vol 1: part 2, pp. 460-67.*
- Crittal, E.
(1973): The Pagan Saxon Period (c. 500-c.
700), in: The Victoria History of the
Counties of England, A History of
Wiltshire, vol 1: part 2, pp. 467-84.*
Kenneth (1993): The Marlborough
Downs, West Country Landscapes.*
just a few thechnicalities: MyComputer.com
seems to be the latest casualty in the ending E-business
hype, which has resulted in the loss of a few
counters, all polls and the internal
search engine. While I am replacing the former
with Votations.com, the latter has been
far more than replaced by Atomz.
Vortigern Studies is now also a proud associate
Just one new article: The Treasure of Vortigern. And a new poll.
the Bibliography for April:
Thomas (1995): Roman military
colonies in Gaul, Salian Ethnogenesis and
the forgotten meaning of Pactus Legis
Salicae 59.5, in: Early Medieval
Europe 4.2, pp. 129-144.*
Charlotte (2000): The origins of
kingship in Kent, in: Early Medieval
Europe 9, pp. 25-52.*
Robert B. (1998): Shaftesbury Abbey's
12th-century Rentals for Bradford-on-Avon,
in: Wiltshire Archaeological and
Natural History Magazine 91, pp. 76-89.*
- Hill, David (2000): Offa
versus the Welsh, in: British
Archaeology 56 (December), at: http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba56/ba56feat.html#hill.*
(1998): Literate Culture of 'Dark Age'
Britain, in: British Archaeology 33 (April),
(1996): Chronicle and chronology: Prosper
of Aquitaina, his methods and the
development of early medieval
chronography, in: Early Medieval
Europe 5, pp. 155-175.*
Dominic (1996): The golden clasp
of the Late Toman state, in: Early
medieval Europe 5, pp. 127-153.*
(1998): Saint Patrick's Somerset
Birthplace, (Car Valley, Somerton).*
(1998): Locating the birthplace of St
Patrick, British Archaeology 36 (July),
Ralph W. (1999): Sigisvult the
Patrician, Maximinus the Arian, and
political stratagems in the Western Roman
Empire c. 425-40, in: Early
Medieval Europe 8, pp. 173-196.*
Discovery of ancient jewellery at
Corregwynion Rocks, Nantmel, History
of Radnorshire, 2nd. Edition 1859,
published by J. Williams. ed. E. Davies.
- Rahtz, P.A.
and K.J. Barton (1963): Maes Knoll Camp,
Dundry, Somerset, 1: Trial Excavations,
in: Proceedings of the Spalæological
Society, University of Bristol 10,
(1998): Discovering the lost kingdom of
Radnor, in: British Archaeology 34 (May),
- Tratman, E.K.
Maes Knoll Camp, Dundry, Somerset, 2: The
Iron Age Defences and Wansdyke, in: Proceedings
of the Spalæological Society, University
of Bristol 10, pp 11-15.*
et al (1999): A Mid-Fifth Century Hoard
of Roman and Pseudo-Roman Material from
Patching, West Sussex, in: Britannia
30, pp. 301-315.*
March 9, 2001
few additions to the Arthurian
Collection: 21 old Prince Valiant editions and a new theory about the
supposedly Scythian or steppe nomad background to
the Arthurian legend:
Arthur, the Dragon King, The barbaric Roots
of Britain's Greatest Legend, (Headline 2001).
Also new are:
Lawhead, Stephen R.: Avalon: The Return of King
Arthur, (Avon 1999, repr. 2000) and McCormack, Patrick: Albion, book 2; The
White Phantom, (Robinson 2000).
the Bibliography for March:
Martin (1998): The Lullingstone
Mosaic, Art, Religion and Letters in a
fourth century villa, ASPROM, at: http://www.asprom.org/articles/lullingstone/2.htm
- Fenn, R.W.D.
Who was St. Harmon?, in: The Radnorshire
Transactions, pp 50-55.*
Bernard (1965): The Great
Shakespeare Forgery, a new look at the
career of William Henry Ireland, (Heinemann,
- Wace: Roman de Brut - a
History of the British (1155, trans.
Judith E. Weiss, University of Exeter
March 1, 2001
official: VORTIGERN STUDIES HAS MOVED
!! The site can now be found at www.vortigernstudies.org.uk/
This means that the old site at Tripod will no
longer be updated, all pages will be replaced by
referral pages, though I will keep them on this
server for a few months yet.
A new guest-article by August
Hunt: Cunedda as
Vortigern , and a whole new section of
Vortigern Studies: Art and Literature, in which we discuss
subjects such as illuminations, poems and plays
concerning Vortigern. No less than 9
new articles now and more to
February 14, 2001
main activity over the last month has been the re-designing
of the entire site, as the last one appeared to
make most pages inaccessible to users of Mac/Netscape.
I sincerely hope this has now been remedied.
However, that does not mean that additions were
halted! Two long-awaited arrivals: new
on Bede (2) and 'Nennius'! Which hopefully means
that those links in the text finally go some
place.. Two more new guest articles: A note by
David White about the start of the Saxon occupation, and an article by
August Hunt about interpreting Vortigern's epithet 'Guortheneu'.
A main addition is the new Messageboard. I have created a custom-made
forum for the main topics of Vortigern Studies,
the Vortigern forum and the Arthurian
Collection forum. Come and see, log in
and add your messages!
the Bibliography for February:
David N. (1990): Two Troublesome
Abbots, in: Celtica 21, pp. 146-52,
(1991): The Chronological Structure of
the Sixth Age in the Rawlinson Fragment
of the 'Irish World-Chronicle', in: Celtica
22, pp. 79-111, at: http://www.celt.dias.ie/publications/celtica/c22.html.*
Theodor ed. (1892): Historia
Brittonum, at: http://www.gmu.edu/departments/fld/CLASSICS/histbrit.html.
Dignitatum, IN PARTIBUS
OCCIDENTIS, IN PARTIBUS
ORIENTIS, full text (Latin) at: http://www.gmu.edu/departments/fld/CLASSICS/notitia.html.
- Ó Riain,
Pádraig (1990): A misunderstood
Annal: a hitherto unnoticed caín,
in: Celtica 21, pp. 561-6, at: http://www.celt.dias.ie/publications/celtica/c21.html.*
Katherine (1990): Images of Warfare
in Bardic Poetry, in: celtica 21,
pp. 608-19, at: http://www.celt.dias.ie/publications/celtica/c21.html.*
January 4, 2001
update to Vortigern Studies is now complete, and
all links should work properly. There is a new
as well (come and vote!), as well as a new
and Fantasy Sites.
January 1, 2001
to the new Millennium! Yes, as I
referred to a year ago, Vortigern Studies is a
historically correct website..